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Mesopotamia In the museum at Baghdad, in the British Museum , and in the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia are finely executed objects in beaten copper from the royal graves at Ur modern Tall al-Muqayyar in ancient Sumer. This relief illustrates the high level of art and technical skill attained by the Sumerians in the days of the 1st dynasty of Ur c. The malleability of unalloyed copper, which renders it too soft for weapons, is peculiarly valuable in the formation of vessels of every variety of form; and it has been put to this use in almost every age. Copper domestic vessels were regularly made in Sumer during the 4th millennium bc and in Egypt a little later. Egypt From whatever source Egypt may have obtained its metalworking processes, Egyptian work at a remote period possesses an excellence that, in some respects, has never been surpassed. Throughout Egyptian history, the same smiths who worked in the precious metals worked also in copper and bronze. Nearly every fashionable Egyptian, man or woman, possessed a hand mirror of polished copper, bronze, or silver.

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The original, dating to , is on display at the Governor’s Palace. This Rococo style clock features the finest hand made works with a time and strike eight-day movement. The dial features a silvered brass chapter ring with etched and filled hour and minute numerals.

Antique Washstands, Sewing stand, Beds, Bed tables, Side tables.

The practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation. The site dates from — BC and due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build with stone, a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household.

Each house shows a high degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, and limpet tanks. The stone dresser was regarded as the most important as it symbolically faces the entrance in each house and is therefore the first item seen when entering, perhaps displaying symbolic objects, including decorative artwork such as several Neolithic Carved Stone Balls also found at the site.

Pieces found here include tables and inlaid serving stands. There are also surviving works from the 9th-8th-century BC Assyrian palace of Nimrud. The earliest surviving carpet, the Pazyryk Carpet was discovered in a frozen tomb in Siberia and has been dated between the 6th and 3rd century BC. Ancient Egypt[ edit ] Civilisation in ancient Egypt began with the clearance and irrigation of land along the banks of the River Nile , [10] which began in about BC. By that time, society in the Nile Valley was already engaged in organized agriculture and the construction of large buildings.

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May 18, at 3: This article will tell you a bit about floral arrangements and history of this beautiful hobby. Have you ever thought about how flower arranging became so popular? Flowering arranging is a popular hobby. Not only is it fun to do, but you get a beautiful arrangement at the end, that you and other people can enjoy.

What a plant has been accustomed to in Nature it desires always.

Welcome to Martin Fennelly Art and Antique Gallery Home for Art and Antiques in Ireland. Martin Fennelly Antiques is renowned for a refined ambience and unsurpassed opulence.

Purpose[ edit ] Training and industry[ edit ] The companies were originally formed, starting in the 12th century, to guarantee that a member was trustworthy and fully qualified, and that the goods they produced were of reputable quality, the two-fold aim being to protect the public and to protect members from charlatans. Many were formed up until the 17th century, when political upheaval and the growth of London around the City meant the companies, which only controlled trade in the City itself, began to struggle to compete.

From the s however, there was a revival, with the companies extending their original educational purpose to technical education, supporting new industries and providing the training necessary to them, most notably the City and Guilds of London Institute. Today, they support both their members, and wider charitable aims and activities, including those supporting education and training. The senior members of the livery companies, i. This is now rare. In earlier days, someone wishing to enter such a trade would bind themselves apprentice to a member of their chosen trade.

As such, he was required to do precisely as he was instructed, and it was almost a form of slavery — but the apprentice did learn his trade, and his master was required to provide such training that, at the end of the apprenticeship usually seven years the apprentice would be sufficiently knowledgeable to become a member — and he became a free man of the City of London — free of the obligations of apprenticeship. Generally, a member’s sons born after he became a member were entitled to become members; most livery companies also allow the same privilege to daughters.

This is the path to the freedom for all others, and requires the payment of a fine, as well as an interview or other admission procedure. This is rare, and is said to be a great honour.

African art

The practice of using natural objects as rudimentary pieces of furniture likely dates to the beginning of human civilisation. The site dates from — BCE and due to a shortage of wood in Orkney, the people of Skara Brae were forced to build with stone, a readily available material that could be worked easily and turned into items for use within the household.

Each house shows a high degree of sophistication and was equipped with an extensive assortment of stone furniture, ranging from cupboards, dressers and beds to shelves, stone seats, and limpet tanks. The stone dresser was regarded as the most important as it symbolically faces the entrance in each house and is therefore the first item seen when entering, perhaps displaying symbolic objects, including decorative artwork such as several Neolithic Carved Stone Balls also found at the site.

Pieces found here include tables and inlaid serving stands.

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Choose manual commercial french fry cutters for low-volume needs or motorized models for high-volume output. Constructed of sturdy stainless steel and cast iron materials, many of our potato slicers are NSF Listed for sanitation and easy cleaning. Read more Whether you want to create ribbon, straight, or curly fries, we have a large selection of commercial potato cutters that are fit for your needs.

An industrial fry cutter not only produces consistent cuts, but it also optimizes ease by reducing strain on the user’s arm. You can pick an option that creates fries of various thicknesses, enabling you to serve fries that range from shoestring to wedge sizes. Who Invented French Fries? Both France and Belgium claim to have invented french fries, with origins of the popular dish dating back to the late s.

How to Cut French Fries While a chef with good knife skills can cut straight fries or steak fries by hand, a commercial french fry cutter makes the job quick and easy. Fry cutters save time and create perfectly consistent fries that cook evenly, batch after batch. French fry cutters also make it possible to cut a variety of curly, spiral, and ribbon fries, as well as unique garnishes from potatoes and other starchy vegetables that would be difficult or impossible to cut by hand.

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Studio set at Blists Hill Museum. Part of the camera back revolved rather like that of a Mamiya RB67 enabling portrait or landscape format. Having focused on the subject with a brass wheel and rack arrangement the Teak plate holder would be inserted into wooden grooves in the camera back which would then push the focussing screen further along the grooves. The plate holder had then taken the place of the screen and you would be ready to take your first photograph having pulled out the dark slide.

One plate holder was big enough to take three exposures by moving the plate holder further along the grooves each time though taking three exposures of one sitter would be frowned upon by the branch manager and, if it occurred too often, might be reported to the Regional?

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We do not sell reproductions or use cheap modern spray finishes. History of Antique Furniture – A Guide to Antique Dining Tables In terms of the antique dining tables available today we perhaps think as far back as the 16th Century for primitive plank top refectory tables but of coarse the civilised Worlds of ancient history have always built tables for dining. Perhaps the very first were smooth flat rocks used by our cave dwelling ancestors?

Generally speaking the further we look back in recent centuries the rarer the table and hence greater the price. Fortunately, in terms of budget, many of these early refectory tables were revived copied at later dates and have survived in greater numbers. By the mid 18th Century our seafaring merchants were importing highly fashionable exotic timbers and mahogany became the most desirable choice for cabinet makers and their clients. The transition from a mixed period of construction of earlier primitive design and cleaner Georgian designs during the early 18th Century soon became nearly exclusively formal designs during George II reign due to the enormous influence of Thomas Chippendale and his piers.

It was during this early Chippendale period that the first examples of adjustable and extendable dining tables were designed and made. Using the tripod cabriole leg base design, often found on Georgian wine and occasional tables, much larger examples were made with rectangular tops in a series of three or four pedestal based sections joined by clips. These tables could by adjusted in length by using any combination of the sections and sometimes loose leaves were suspended between pedestals. By the ‘s, in George III reign, a new version of extendable table known as a ‘D’ ended table was in manufacture.

Comprising two demi or ‘D’ shaped end tables look like console tables with the centre extending section being a simple drop leaf table which could be clipped to the console shaped ends when leaves are raised. Always standing on square chamfered or tapering legs these tables were made in relatively large numbers and some complete examples survive today. The late 18th Century saw the emergence of a new genre of furniture designers who added a little finery to the antique dining table.

Revealed: the best restoration this year, according to the Historic Houses Association

See Article History Alternative Title: Furniture ranges widely from the simple pine chest or stick-back country chair to the most elaborate marquetry work cabinet or gilded console table. The functional and decorative aspects of furniture have been emphasized more or less throughout history according to economics and fashion.

Chairs are as important and necessary as furniture gets; whatever it is you do, you need a chair and the support and comfort it provides to make accomplishments possible.

In , he moved back to Sussex from London with his wife, Caroline, and baby son, Lucian. His father still lived in the residence, and the young family were in no rush to move in. But when his father died in , he suddenly found himself the full-time custodian of Glynde. The house, built around a courtyard in the traditional Elizabethan style, had long ago been divided into four flats. This did not make for comfortable modern family living, so the couple embarked on a major restoration project to unify the four wings.

Instead, the house went around the edges, one corridor thick. This is littered, like many family homes, with car keys, cats and family photographs — mostly of the three Brand children, Lucian, 11, Mary, 10, and Hannah, eight. At the far end of the lobby, double doors lead to the courtyard, once the centre of life at Glynde, but now home to the peaceful pond, transposed from the main garden at the suggestion of landscape designer Kim Wilkie. As well as redoing the roof and gutters, the Brands knocked down walls that had been built in the middle of large rooms, returning them to their original size.

Along the way, they discovered hidden doorways and replaced window panes. When an old pane of glass fell from a bay window at the front of the house, the family had to reassess the project. The house was open to the public, and we were looking to do more events. Now, Glynde is ready to host again:

Reference Sold Items: Tables

This magnificent Neoclassic reproduction of a Boston table, circa , was designed to be portable and store compactly. Made of figurative mahogany with extensive reeding, this table has two gates supported by tapered columnar posts and splayed legs with brass paw feet and casters. This is a perfect table for intimate dining. Previously made by Kittinger as a Model CW This particular dining table is the first made by Kittinger for the Colonial Williamsburg Reproduction Program and, therefore, is extremely rare.

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Wood Wood is the material most often used for making furniture. Although there are over a hundred different kinds that can be used for furniture, some woods have natural properties that make them superior to the others. A relatively cheap material, wood lends itself to various kinds of treatment; for example, it can be stained, painted, gilded, and glued. It can be shaped by means of hand- or power-operated cutting and drilling tools. Heated, it can be bent to a certain extent into a predetermined shape and thereafter will retain the shape.

The grain in wood creates a structure with varying character, which in itself provides a natural ornamental surface, in which patterns can be formed by means of precalculated juxtapositions. Colours range from white, yellow, green, red, brown, gray to black through countless intermediary tones. By juxtaposing wood of different colours, extremely rich effects have been achieved, especially in the 17th and 18th centuries. Wood, if stored under favourable conditions, is durable, and pieces of furniture from the oldest civilizations—Egypt, for example—are still extant.

Lastly, most wood has an aromatic scent. Walnut armchair attributed to an unknown Philadelphia craftsman, c. Using timber as a basis and applying techniques such as shredding, heating and glueing, it has been possible to evolve new materials. To an increasing extent, cabinetmakers and furniture factories are using semi-manufactured wood such as veneer , carcass wood, plywood, laminated board, and hardboard fibreboard.

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See Article History African art, the visual arts of native Africa, particularly sub-Saharan Africa, including such media as sculpture, painting, pottery, rock art , textiles, masks, personal decoration, and jewelry. For more general explorations of media, see individual media articles e. For a discussion of the characteristics, functions, and forms of masks, see mask.

Metalwork: Metalwork, useful and decorative objects fashioned of various metals, including copper, iron, silver, bronze, lead, gold, and brass. The earliest man-made objects were of stone, wood, bone, and earth. It was only later that humans learned to extract metals from the earth and to hammer them into.

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Antique Furniture

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This page contains a numerical NAICS code list Users can view and lookup an index of NAICS codes in numerical order.

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Add Casters To Your Kitchen Table Or Any Other Wood Furniture!


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